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History of Chocolate

Home » Chocolate House » Chocolate Kingdom » Museum » History of Chocolate
1900 BC: The Origin of Chocolate
1000 BC: The Cocoa Tree Earliest Known Name
100 AD: The Word "Cocoa"
600 AD: Cocoa As a Status Symbol
1000 AD: The Value of Cocoa
1200-1500: The Cocoa Wars
1502: Europe Discovers
1528: Spanish Conquest of Cocoa
1544: Mayans go to Spain
1560: Cocoa in Asia
1615: Chocolate Comes with the Dowery
1643: The French Court Embraces Chocolate
1657: A Meeting Place for High Society
1671: The Origins of the “Praliné"
1674: The First Cooking Chocolate
1697: From Brussels to Zurich
1712: Chocolate Returns to America
1778: Chocolate Revolutionizes
1778: Cocoa Production in Indonesia
1828: The Creation of Cocoa Powder
1848: Eating Chocolate
1849 : Chocolate Bars
1850-1860: Cocoa Tree Enemy
1875: The First Milk Chocolate Bar
1879: Conching Chocolate
1912: Chocolate Praline Creations
2005: The Creation of Chocolate Monggo

1900 BC: The Origin of Chocolate

 

The origin of chocolate dates back almost 4000 years ago to Mesoamerica. The exact place
of origin in the Americas is unknown, but archaeological evidence of ceramics vessels with
residues from the preparation of a cocoa beverage (Theobromine) have been found at archaeological sites dating back to 1900 BC Mokaya & Olmec Civilisations along the Orinoco River.

Source: https://chocolateclass. wordpress.com/tag/cacao-vessel

1000 BC: The Cocoa Tree Earliest Known Name

 

"Kakawa" came into use among the Olmec, the people of the Mexican Gulf Coast who built the first of the great Mesoamerican civilizations. It is likely that the Olmec were also already cultivating the tree.

100 AD: The Word "Cocoa"

 

The Maya adopted the word "cocoa" from the Olmec and it is presumed that they were cultivating cocoa. The Mayans took the cocoa tree from the rain forest, grew it in their backyards, harvested the seeds, roasted them, and then ground them into a paste. When mixed with water, chili peppers, corn meal, and other ingredients, this paste made a foamy and spicy chocolate drink.

Source: https://www.comboni missionaries.co.uk/ index.php/2018/07/18/ mexico-maya-civilization-between-corn- and-cacao/

600 AD: Cocoa As a Status Symbol

 

Around this period, clay chocolate drink vessels began to appear among the grave goods of the Maya nobility, strong evidence that cocoa beverage consumption was an important
status symbol.

Source: https://commons. wikimedia.org /wiki/File: Reproduction_of_ Mural_ from_Structure_I ,_Calakmul.jpg

1000 AD: The Value of Cocoa

 

The people of Central America used cocoa beans as currency - in Mexican picture scripts, a basket with 8,000 cocoa beans is shown to represent the figure 8,000. Control of the main
cocoa growing regions thus became the prime objective in the intermittent warfare for the next centuries.

Source: https://www.open culture.com /2018/10/ancient- mayans-used- chocolate-money.html

1200-1500: The Cocoa Wars

 

By subjugating the Mayas, the Aztecs strengthened their supremacy in Mexico. The Aztec empire annexed the richest cocoa region in Mesoamerica, modern Chiapas (Mexico, Guatemala). The Aztecs referred to chocolate as “Xocolatl" meaning warm & bitter liquid.

Source: https://www.mexico lore.co.uk/ maya/chocolate/ cacao-use-among- the-prehispanic-maya

1502: Europe Discovers

 

The first European contact with cocoa beans was during the fourth voyage of Christopher Columbus but its value was not realized.

Source: https://www.loc. gov/pictures/ item/ 2003670399/

1528: Spanish Conquest of Cocoa

 

The Spanish ‘conquistadors’ (conquerors) returned to Spain with cocoa beans because they were impressed by the fact that the Aztecs used them as currency. Hernando Cortes created plantations in Trinidad, Haiti, and the West African island of Bioko to grow “money” to trade with the Aztecs for gold. Spain then had a virtual monopoly on the cocoa market for almost a century.

Source: https://www.american heritagechocolate. com/history- of-chocolate/

1544: Mayans go to Spain

 

A delegation of Kekchi (indigenous) Mayans from Guatemala visited the Spanish court of Prince Philip. Among the gifts were containers of the Mayan "Xocolatl" drink, the first recorded appearance of cocoa in the Old World. The Spanish began to add cane sugar and flavorings such as vanilla to their sweet cocoa beverages.

Source: https://www.willies cacao.com/world-cacao /history-of-chocolate/

1560: Cocoa in Asia

 

This period marks the earliest known introduction of cocoa to Asia. The tree was brought to the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia from Caracas, Venezuela.

Source: https://travel. kompas.com /read/2017/ 10/19/220500227 /sejarah-cokelat- bisa-ditemui-di-indonesia

1615: Chocolate Comes with the Dowery

 

Ann of Austria, the daughter of Philip III from Spain, introduced the beverage to her new husband, Louis the XIII, and to his French court too. Chocolate became the special dish on her wedding day.

Source: https://www.wiki wand.com/id/ Ana_dari _Austria 

1643: The French Court Embraces Chocolate

 

When the Spanish Princess Maria Theresa was betrothed to Louis XIV of France, she gave her fiancé an engagement gift of chocolate, packaged in an elegantly ornate chest. Chocolate was extremely popular with Louis XIV and the members of his Court at Versailles.

Source: https://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/ Louis_XIV

1657: A Meeting Place for High Society

 

The first chocolate house opened in London. The high price of cocoa limited access to
only the most affluent classes. But as prices fall, establishments of this type multiplied and
events replaced cafes, tea rooms, and pubs.

Source: https://www.willies cacao.com/ world-cacao/ history-of-chocolate/

1671: The Origins of the “Praliné"

 

Praline may have originally been discovered in France and an accident/the work of chef Clement Lassagne, a chef who worked for Marshal du Plessis-Praslin (1598–1675) and named in his honour. The Duke of Plessis-Praslin’s chief cook accidentally spilled boiling-hot melted sugar on ground almonds.

Delighted by this, the Duke named his creation ‘Praslin’, thus The Praliné was born. A few centuries later, Belgian chocolatiers improved on this recipe by coating the mixed, caramel-covered nuts in chocolate shells, giving rise to the Belgian chocolate praline.

Source: https://www.coeurde xocolat. com/ the-history -of-pralines

1674: The First Cooking Chocolate

 

Whilst chocolate was still only a drink throughout Europe, English confectioners had the
the idea of adding cocoa to their cake mix, creating the first chocolate cakes and baked goods.

Source: https://en. wikipedia. org/wiki /Chocolate _cake

1697: From Brussels to Zurich

 

The future Belgium is already a reputed chocolate center. It was at the Grand-Place in
Brussels that the Mayor of Zurich discovered chocolate and decided to introduce it to
Switzerland. An initiative that had delicious consequences.

1712: Chocolate Returns to America

 

At the turn of the 18" century, chocolate returned to America, but only to the North. In little more than a decade, advertising in Boston for imported Europe chocolate was flourishing.

Source: https://en.wiki pedia.org/wiki/ File:Bakers Cocoa.JPG

1778: Chocolate Revolutionizes

 

The industrial revolution mechanized chocolate making and brought the price within the public's reach.

Source: http://explore pahistory.com/ displayimage.php ?imgId=1-2-127F

1778: Cocoa Production in Indonesia

 

It begins with The Dutch bringing cocoa from the Philippines to Jakarta and Sumatra, where they established a propagation facility that soon lead to major production in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia and Malaysia).

Source:

  • https://www.gutenberg .org/files/ 19073/19073-h /19073-h .htm
  • https://commons. wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:Cacao_ fermenting_boxes_ in_Java._From _the_last_box_ the_beans_are_ shovelled_into_the_ washing_basin._ Reproduced_from_ van_Hall%27s_Cocoa ,_by_permission_ of_Messrs._ Macmillan_ %26_Co._In_ Cocoa_and_ Chocolate,_ by_Arthur_ W._Knapp ,.jpg

1828: The Creation of Cocoa Powder

 

Conrad Van Houten, a Dutch chemist, learned to press cocoa butter out of cocoa liquor. This allowed the production of cocoa powder and cocoa butter. The Van Houten cocoa powder is famous until today.

Source: https://en.wiki pedia.org/wiki/ Coenraad_Johannes _van_Houten

1848: Eating Chocolate

 

The introduction of cocoa powder not only made creating chocolate drinks much easier but also later made it possible to combine chocolate with sugar and then remix it with cocoa butter to create solid chocolate. Others began to build on Van Houten's success, experimenting to make new chocolate products.

Source: https://madeup inbritain.uk /Chocolate_Bar

1849: Chocolate Bars

 

The English manufacturer J.S. Fry and Sons used cocoa powder to create the first successful mass-produced chocolate bars

Source: https://chocolateclass. wordpress.com/tag /industrial -revolution/

1850-1860: Cocoa Tree Enemy

 

The cocoa pod borer (a moth whose larvae infest the cocoa fruit) emerged in the Indonesian archipelago. Established plantations were ruined and production was driven even further into previously undisturbed forests. The borer remains cocoa's most feared insect pest.

Source: https://distanpangan. baliprov.go.id/ mengenal-hama- penghisap-buah- kakao-helopelthis-sp/ 

1875: The First Milk Chocolate Bar

Daniel Peter & Henri Nestle combined chocolate and milk powder to create the first milk chocolate bar. It’s an instant commercial success.

Source:

  • https://en. wikipedia.org /wiki/Henri_ Nestl%C3%A9
  • https://en. wikipedia.org /wiki/ Daniel_Peter

1879: Conching Chocolate

 

Rodolphe Lindt produced chocolate that melts on the tongue by developing the "conching" process that gives the chocolate a smoother and more enjoyable taste. The same year, cocoa was successfully introduced to the African mainland Gold Coast (now Ghana).

Source: https://www.willies cacao.com/ world-cacao/ history-of-chocolate/

1912: Chocolate Praline Creations

 

Jean Neuhaus invented a chocolate shell that could be filled with cream or nut pastes. The
Belgium pralines were born. In Belgium, chocolate has been considered as a present from its earliest days something to give or to receive. No wonder pralines, one of the most popular presents, is a Belgian invention.

Source: https://treatwell. caobisco.eu/neuhaus- inventor-of-the- praline-and- the-ballotin/

2005: The Creation of Chocolate Monggo

 

This adventure began in Yogyakarta in 2001 when a Belgian man arrived in Indonesia without a plan in mind. Missing the taste of good Belgian chocolate, this man decided to make some specialties from his home country.

In 2005 Chocolate Monggo was founded and began producing chocolate pralines and chocolate bars in Indonesia. Monggo continues to develop more variants of chocolate products by combining the finest taste of Belgian chocolate and the finest Indonesian ingredients!

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